Define a Function that Flattens Data in a List

DataWeave 2.2 is compatible and bundled with Mule 4.2. Standard Support for Mule 4.2 ended on May 2, 2021, and this version of Mule will reach its End of Life on May 2, 2023, when Extended Support ends.

Deployments of new applications to CloudHub that use this version of Mule are no longer allowed. Only in-place updates to applications are permitted.

MuleSoft recommends that you upgrade to the latest version of Mule 4 that is in Standard Support so that your applications run with the latest fixes and security enhancements.

When presented with nested structures of data, you might need to reduce (or "flatten") the data in them to produce a simpler output. Before you begin, note that DataWeave version 2 (%dw 2.0) is for Mule 4 apps. For a Mule 3 app, refer to DataWeave 1.0 (%dw 1.0) examples, within the Mule 3.9 documentation set. For other Mule versions, you can use the Mule Runtime version selector in the table of contents.

This DataWeave example flattens the data in the interests and contenttypes arrays with the function that is defined in the header, and it only outputs contenttypes when it is not empty.

The example uses these functions:

  • map to go through a set elements in the input.

  • reduce to flatten the arrays.

  • if to conditionally display a field.

  • splitBy to parse the input.

DataWeave
%dw 2.0
output application/json
fun reduceMapFor(data) = data reduce (($$ splitBy ":")[0] ++ "," ++ ($ splitBy ":")[0])
---
payload.results map() ->
{
  email: $.profile.email,
  name: $.profile.firstName,
  tags: reduceMapFor($.data.interests.tags[0]),
        (contenttypes: reduceMapFor($.data.interests.contenttypes[0])) if(sizeOf($.data.interests.contenttypes[0]) > 0)
}
Input JSON
{
  "results": [
    {
      "profile": {
        "firstName": "john",
        "lastName": "doe",
        "email": "johndoe@demo.com"
      },
      "data": {
        "interests": [
          {
            "language": "English",
            "tags": [
              "digital-strategy:Digital Strategy",
              "innovation:Innovation"
            ],
            "contenttypes": []
          }
        ]
      }
    },
    {
      "profile": {
        "firstName": "jane",
        "lastName": "doe",
        "email": "janedoe@demo.com"
      },
      "data": {
        "interests": [
          {
            "language": "English",
            "tags": [
              "tax-reform:Tax Reform",
              "retail-health:Retail Health"
            ],
            "contenttypes": [
              "News",
              "Analysis",
              "Case studies",
              "Press releases"
            ]
          }
        ]
      }
    }
  ],
  "objectsCount": 2,
  "totalCount": 2,
  "statusCode": 200,
  "errorCode": 0,
  "statusReason": "OK"
}
Output JSON
[
  {
    "email": "johndoe@demo.com",
    "name": "john",
    "tags": "digital-strategy,innovation"
  },
  {
    "email": "janedoe@demo.com",
    "name": "jane",
    "tags": "tax-reform,retail-health",
    "contenttypes": "News,Analysis,Case studies,Press releases"
  }
]

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