About Mule Configuration
Following is an introduction to configuring Mule ESB via the Spring XML file. For details on this file, see About the XML Configuration File.
A Mule ESB configuration file is a tree, as shown in the following illustration:
Each of these elements provides access to configuration object within Mule:
Custom Message Processors - Observe a message, or modify either a message or the message flow. Examples include transformers and filters.
Flows - Use message processors to define message flow between a source and a target.
Mule Global Configuration - Global settings, such as the default transaction time-out, that apply to the entire Mule configuration
Connectors - Non-default configuration of any transports used
Endpoints - Define the channel and address or path where messages are sent or received. You can define them globally and use them in multiple flows.
Transformers - Convert data from one format to another. You can define them globally and use them in multiple flows.
Filters - Filter out the messages that don’t match specific criteria. You can define them globally and use them in multiple flows.
Following is an example of a simple Mule configuration file:
Simple Mule Configuration
<mule xmlns="http://www.mulesoft.org/schema/mule/core" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xmlns:vm="http://www.mulesoft.org/schema/mule/vm" xsi:schemaLocation=" http://www.mulesoft.org/schema/mule/core http://www.mulesoft.org/schema/mule/core/3.0/mule.xsd http://www.mulesoft.org/schema/mule/vm http://www.mulesoft.org/schema/mule/vm/3.0/mule-vm.xsd"> <vm:connector name="vmConnector" queueTimeout="5000"/> <vm:endpoint name="CustomerRequests" path="customer.requests"/> <vm:endpoint name="CustomerResponses" path="customer.responses"/> <custom-transformer name="ThisToThat" class="com.acme.transformer.ThisToThat"/> <flow name="myBasicFlow"> <inbound-endpoint ref="CustomerRequests"/> <component class="com.acme.service.BasicService"/> <outbound-endpoint ref="CustomerResponses" transformer-refs="ThisToThat"/> </flow> </mule>
Other, more advanced things you may configure at this level:
Security Manager - Authenticates requests based on one or more security providers
Agents - Agents are typically used for cross-cutting concerns such as logging or management
Notifications - Allow you to be notified upon certain lifecycle events
Transaction Management - Mule transactions are configured on inbound endpoints, where an endpoint can be configured to start a new transaction or join an existing one.
Properties - Property placeholders, message properties, and system properties.
You can configure global configuration settings such as the default transaction timeout and default threading profile in the
<configuration> element. For example:
<mule> ... <configuration defaultTransactionTimeout="31337"> <default-threading-profile poolExhaustedAction="RUN"/> ... </configuration>
For a list of the available global configuration settings, see Global Settings Configuration Reference.
All Mule configuration is accessible from a single object: org.mule.api.config.MuleConfiguration.
Configurations in a MuleConfiguration are set when a
MuleContext is created. The object becomes immutable after it is started and can be accessed using the following:
// implement MuleContextAware to have the reference injected MuleConfiguration configuration = context.getConfiguration();