Profiling Mule

Mule Runtime Engine versions 3.5, 3.6, and 3.7 reached End of Life on or before January 25, 2020. For more information, contact your Customer Success Manager to determine how you can migrate to the latest Mule version.

Profiling Mule can be useful in helping you identify memory leaks in your custom Mule ESB extensions. YourKit is a commonly used Java profiler for analyzing JVM performance. Hooking into YourKit can be achieved by Profiling with the YourKit Agent.

There are multiple Java profiler options available. If you’re not using YourKit, visit your respective profiler’s documentation to understand how to hook into the Mule-Java process.

Profiling with the YourKit Agent

YourKit allows you to remotely attach to a Java process using the remote attach wizard. This method is especially useful when you have SSH access to the Mule Server you want to profile and would rather not alter the Mule code itself to begin profiling.

Attaching the Profiler Agent

  1. Download the profiler at https://www.yourkit.com/download to the Mule server.

  2. Unpackage the profiler.

  3. Determine the PID of Mule by running jps.

  4. Capture the PID of the MuleContainerBootstrap.

    2838 MuleContainerBootstrap
    21311 Jps
  5. Within the YourKit package, open the bin directory.

    cd yjp-2015-build-15086/bin
  6. Run yph.sh including the -attach flag with the PID of MuleContainerBootstrap.

    ./yph.sh -attach 2838
  7. Verify the agent is attached

    Attaching to process 2838 using default options
    The profiler agent has attached. Waiting while it initializes...
    The agent is loaded and is listening on port 10001.
    You can connect to it from the profiler UI.
Steps above can vary in a Windows environment. Check the YourKit documentation if the steps above cannot be translated.

Connecting the YourKit UI

  1. Launch YourKit on your local machine.

  2. In Monitor Remote Applications, click Connect to remote application.

    monitor remote apps
  3. Set up your server username and password.

  4. Configure the SSH authentication.

    yourkit auth
  5. Click OK.

  6. After scanning for available applications, the YourKit should now be hooked up to your Mule instance.

    yourkit hooked up

Enabling the Profiler Agent

The Profiler agent exposes the YourKit Profiler to JMX to provide CPU and memory profiling. You configure the Profiler agent with the <management:yourkit-profiler/> element. For more information, see JMX Management.

Running the Profiler

To run the profiler, you run Mule with the -profile switch plus any extra YourKit startup options with multiple parameters separated by commas, for example, -profile onlylocal,onexit=memory. This integration pack automatically takes care of configuration differences for Java 1.4.x and 5.x/6.x.

For example:

./mule -profile

Embedded Mule

If you are running Mule embedded in a webapp, the Profiler configuration is completely delegated to the owning container. Launch YourKit Profiler, Tools > Integrate with J2EE server and follow the instructions. Typically, a server’s launch script is modified to support profiling, and you then use this modified start script instead of the original.

Hooking Mule into the YourKit Agent

In order to use your own YourKit profiler, you need to first download the build to the Mule host, and add the following line to the wrapper.conf file located in the $MULE_HOME/conf path.


This enables the YourKit agent to interact with your Mule instance.

The <absolute-path-to-the-agent> value varies depending on the configuration and OS of your machine. Once you downloaded and expanded YourKit package content, you can usually find the agent inside the /bin/ folder.

Assuming you downloaded yjp-2013-build-13062 for Linux, for example, the entry to add in wrapper.conf should look like this:


Detailed installation instructions for different operative systems, can be found in the YourKit documentation.

By default, YourKit agent scans for an internet facing port. If a specific port is desired, you can set it by adding:
A full list of start up parameters can be found in YourKit startup options.

Restart Mule and set the YourKit profiler UI to connect to the host (with port, if specific port was specified).

Check YourKit documentation for a more detailed explanation on how to properly launch the agent based on your operative system.

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