Contact Free trial Login

Add and Subtract Time

This DataWeave example shows multiple addition and subtraction operations that deal with date and time types. Before you begin, note that DataWeave 2.0 (%dw 2.0) is for Mule 4 apps. For a Mule 3 app, refer to DataWeave 1.0 (%dw 1.0) examples, within the Mule 3.9 documentation set. For other Mule versions, you can use the Mule Runtime version selector in the table of contents.

The examples use:

  • now function to output the current date and time.

  • as function to coerce a String to Period type.

  • P<date>T<time> Period date type.

DataWeave
%dw 2.0
output application/json
var numberOfDays = 3
---
{
  yesterday: now() - |P1D|,
  theOtherDay: now() - ("P$(numberOfDays)D" as Period),
  a: |2003-10-01| - |P1Y|,
  b: |P1Y| - |2003-10-01|,
  c: |2003-10-01T23:57:59Z| - |P1Y|,
  d: |2003-10-01T23:57:59Z| + |P1Y|,
  e: |2003-10-01T23:57:59| - |P1Y|,
  f: |PT9M| - |23:59:56|,
  g: |23:59:56| + |PT9M|,
  h: |23:59:56-03:00| - |PT9M|,
  u: |23:59:56-03:00| - |22:59:56-03:00|,
  j: |23:59:56-03:00| - |22:59:56-00:00|,
  k: |2003-10-01T23:57:59| - |P2Y9M1D| - |PT57M59S| + |PT2H|,
  l: |23:59:56| - |22:59:56|,
  o: |2003-10-01| - |2002-09-23|,
  p: |2003-10-01T23:57:59Z| - |2002-10-01T23:57:59Z|,
  q: |2003-10-01T23:57:59| - |2002-10-01T23:57:59|
}
Output
{
  "yesterday": "2017-05-04T19:35:35.016Z",
  "theOtherDay": "2017-05-02T19:35:35.016Z",
  "a": "2002-10-01",
  "b": "2002-10-01",
  "c": "2002-10-01T23:57:59Z",
  "d": "2004-10-01T23:57:59Z",
  "e": "2002-10-01T23:57:59",
  "f": "23:50:56",
  "g": "00:08:56",
  "h": "23:50:56-03:00",
  "u": "PT1H",
  "j": "PT4H",
  "k": "2001-01-01T01:00:00",
  "l": "PT1H",
  "o": "P1Y8D",
  "p": "PT8760H",
  "q": "PT8760H"
}

Was this article helpful?

💙 Thanks for your feedback!

Edit on GitHub