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Notifications

Available since version 1.1

Notifications in Mule are a way of communicating actions to other components. They are mostly used for monitoring.

Defining Notifications

The first step is to define all the notifications that can be fired by a Module. You do this by defining an Enum that implements the NotificationActionDefinition interface. Each value defined in the Enum is considered to be notification action.

Since you can include data within a notification, you must provide each associated DataType.

In the example below, NEW_EVENT and FINISHED_EVENT actions are declared. They have an Integer and a custom object (SimpleObject) as data.


         
      
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public enum SimpleNotificationAction implements NotificationActionDefinition<SimpleNotificationAction> {

  NEW_EVENT(DataType.fromType(Integer.class)),

  FINISHED_EVENT(DataType.fromType(SimpleObject.class));

  private final DataType dataType;

  SimpleNotificationAction(DataType dataType) {
    this.dataType = dataType;
  }

  @Override
  public DataType getDataType() {
    return dataType;
  }

}

Registering Notifications in the Module

To identify the notifications that a Module fires, the @Extension annotated class should be annotated with @NotificationActions, which references a NotificationActionDefinition enum that contains the defined notifications. Any custom data types you define there will need to be exported, as well.


          
       
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@Extension(name = "Foo")
@NotificationActions(SimpleNotificationAction.class)
@Export(classes = {SimpleObject.class})
@Xml(prefix = "test-connector")
public class FooExtension {
  // Content
}

Communicating Which Notifications are Fired

After declaring all the possible notifications in a Module, you need to provide the information that binds the notifications with the Operations and Sources that fire them.

To do that, you need to implement a NotificationActionProvider class that identifies the notifications that are fired by an Operation or Source.


         
      
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public class ExecuteNotificationActionProvider implements NotificationActionProvider {
    @Override
    public Set<NotificationActionDefinition> getNotificationActions() {
        HashSet<NotificationActionDefinition> errors = new HashSet<>();
        errors.add(SimpleNotificationAction.NEW_EVENT);
        errors.add(SimpleNotificationAction.FINISHED_EVENT);
        return errors;
    }
}

After defining the NotificationActionProvider, you can bind it to the proper Operation or Source using the @Fires annotation:


         
      
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@Fires(ExecuteNotificationActionProvider.class)
public void execute(){
  // operation body
}

Firing Notifications

Firing a notification action that is not declared in the NotificationActionProvider of an Operation or Source will result in a failure. Firing a notification using data that does not match the declared type will also result in a failure.

Operations

To fire a notification from an Operation, you must add a NotificationEmitter parameter. You can then use it to fire notifications with a given NotificationActionDefinition and the associated data, as a TypedValue.


          
       
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@Fires(ExecuteNotificationActionProvider.class)
public void execute(NotificationEmitter notificationEmitter){
  notificationEmitter.fire(NEW_EVENT, TypedValue.of(4));
  // operation body
  notificationEmitter.fire(FINISHED_EVENT, TypedValue.of(new SimpleObject()));
}

Sources

Unlike Operations, Sources not only execute when receiving or generating a new message to be processed but also when one completes, whether successfully or with a failure.

You can fire notifications from @OnSuccess, @OnError, and @OnTerminate methods by adding a NotificationEmitter parameter, just like you can in Operations.


          
       
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@OnSuccess
  public void onSuccess(@ParameterGroup(name = "Success Info", showInDsl = true) PersonalInfo successInfo,
                        NotificationEmitter notificationEmitter) {

    // on sucess body
    notificationEmitter.fire(FINISHED_EVENT, TypedValue.of(successInfo.getSimpleObject()));
  }

When receiving or generating a message, however, you can only indicate that you want certain notifications to be fired once the message is handled by using the SourceCallbackContext.


          
       
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@Override
  public void onStart(SourceCallback<String, Object> sourceCallback) throws MuleException {
    // source body
    context.fireOnHandle(NEW_EVENT, TypedValue.of(7));
    sourceCallback.handle(result, context);
  }