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Mule Filters, Scopes, and Routers

Mule includes a variety of message processors designed to facilitate message routing or filtering, and message processor wrapping. 

  • Filters evaluate a message to determine whether it can proceed through a flow. The simplest filters implement basic logic operators (such as andor, and not), but these simple elements can be combined in various ways to specify complex logical conditions. For example, you can use a filter near the beginning of your flow to reject any requests from a particular range of IP addresses, or simply use a filter to reject any messages with a particular payload, or with a null payload.

  • Scopes work to encapsulate other message processors so that they function as a single unit. You might wrap several message processors together to form a transactional unit, so that they succeed or fail to process a message together, thus ensuring accurate updating of a database, for example. You might wrap several message processors together within a cache scope to store the result of their processing for reuse, or wrap a single message processor within a message enricher scope to add to a message payload without manipulating the original contents.

  • Routers – or flow controls, as they’re known in Anypoint Studio – function much as their name implies: to direct or otherwise control messages within a flow.

At times, flow controls act as splitters, resequencers, or aggregators, splitting messages into individual items for processing, resequencing message content, or aggregating split messages.

At times, they act as forks in the road, evaluating a message’s payload, properties, or variables, then routing to the message down a particular "pathway" according to those contents. Thus, flow controls facilitate content-based routing. For example, you can use a choice flow control to examine part of a message payload, then route the message to the first "pathway" for which the set condition evaluates to true, such as where an order exceeds $5,000. 

Expression Filter

36Expression


         
      
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<mule xmlns="http://www.mulesoft.org/schema/mule/core" xmlns:http="http://www.mulesoft.org/schema/mule/http" xmlns:doc="http://www.mulesoft.org/schema/mule/documentation" xmlns:spring="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans" xmlns:core="http://www.mulesoft.org/schema/mule/core" version="EE-3.6.0" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.mulesoft.org/schema/mule/http http://www.mulesoft.org/schema/mule/http/current/mule-http.xsd
http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans-current.xsd
http://www.mulesoft.org/schema/mule/core http://www.mulesoft.org/schema/mule/core/current/mule.xsd">
<http:listener-config name="HTTP_Listener_Configuration"
  host="localhost" port="8084" doc:name="HTTP Listener Configuration"/>
    <flow name="EchoFlow" doc:name="EchoFlow">
        <http:listener config-ref="HTTP_Listener_Configuration" path="/" doc:name="HTTP" doc:description="Process HTTP requests or responses."/>
        <expression-filter expression="#[message.payload != '/favicon.ico']" doc:name="Expression"/>
        <logger message="About to echo #[message.payload]" level="INFO" doc:name="Logger"/>
        <echo-component doc:name="Echo"/>
    </flow>
</mule>

Message Enricher and Cache Scope


         
      
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...
<http:request-config name="request-config" host="localhost"
port="8084" path="/"/>
<flow doc:name="inhouseOrder" name="inhouseOrder">
        <jms:inbound-endpoint connector-ref="Active_MQ" doc:name="inhouseOrder" queue="inhouseOrder">
            <xa-transaction action="ALWAYS_BEGIN"/>
        </jms:inbound-endpoint>
        <set-variable doc:name="Initialise Price" value="0" variableName="price"/>
        <enricher doc:name="Enrich with price" target="#[price]">
            <ee:cache cachingStrategy-ref="Caching_Strategy" doc:name="Cache the Price">
                <http:request config-ref="request-config" disableTransportTransformer="true" doc:name="Invoke Price Service" exchange-pattern="request-response" method="GET" path="api/prices/#[payload.productId]" port="9999"/>
                <object-to-string-transformer doc:name="Object to String"/>
            </ee:cache>
        </enricher>
        <db:insert config-ref="Generic_Database_Configuration" doc:name="Save Order Item" transactionalAction="ALWAYS_JOIN">
            <db:parameterized-query><![CDATA[insert into orders (product_id, name, manufacturer, quantity, price) values (#[payload.productId], #[payload.name], #[payload.manufacturer], #[payload.quantity], #[price])]]></db:parameterized-query>
        </db:insert>
        <set-variable doc:name="totalPrice = price * payload.quantity" value="#[price * payload.quantity]" variableName="totalPrice"/>
        <set-session-variable doc:name="totalValue += totalPrice" value="#[totalValue + totalPrice]" variableName="totalValue"/>
        <scripting:transformer doc:name="Groovy">
            <scripting:script engine="Groovy">
                <scripting:text><![CDATA[receipt = new com.mulesoft.se.orders.PurchaseReceipt(); receipt.setStatus(com.mulesoft.se.orders.Status.ACCEPTED); receipt.setTotalPrice(Float.valueOf(message.getInvocationProperty('totalPrice')));
return receipt;]]></scripting:text>             </scripting:script>
        </scripting:transformer>         <rollback-exception-strategy doc:name="Rollback Exception Strategy" maxRedeliveryAttempts="3">             <logger doc:name="Logger" level="INFO" message="#[payload]"/>
            <on-redelivery-attempts-exceeded doc:name="Redelivery exhausted">
                <flow-ref doc:name="Invoke defaultErrorHandler" name="defaultErrorHandler"/>
            </on-redelivery-attempts-exceeded>         </rollback-exception-strategy>
    </flow> ...    </mule>

Choice Router


         
      
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<mule
...
    xmlns:vm="http://www.mulesoft.org/schema/mule/vm" xmlns:http="http://www.mulesoft.org/schema/mule/http"
...
    xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" version="EE-3.6.0"
    xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.mulesoft.org/schema/mule/cxf http://www.mulesoft.org/schema/mule/cxf/current/mule-cxf.xsd
http://www.mulesoft.org/schema/mule/vm http://www.mulesoft.org/schema/mule/vm/current/mule-vm.xsd
http://www.mulesoft.org/schema/mule/http http://www.mulesoft.org/schema/mule/http/current/mule-http.xsd">
...
<http:listener-config name="HTTP_Listener_Configuration"
  host="localhost" port="8081" path=*" doc:name="HTTP Listener Configuration"/>
    <flow name="orderService" doc:name="orderService">
        <http:listener config-ref="HTTP_Listener_Configuration" doc:name="/orders" doc:description="Process HTTP reqests or responses." connector-ref="HttpConnector"/>
        <cxf:jaxws-service serviceClass="com.mulesoft.se.orders.IProcessOrder"
            doc:name="Order WebService" doc:description="Make a web service available via CXF"/>
        <set-session-variable variableName="totalValue"
            value="0" doc:name="totalValue=0"/>
        <foreach collection="#[payload.orderItems]" doc:name="For each Order Item">
            <enricher
                target="#[rootMessage.payload.orderItems[counter - 1].purchaseReceipt]"
                doc:name="Enrich with purchase receipt">
                <choice doc:name="Choice">
                    <when expression="#[payload.manufacturer == 'Samsung']">
                        <vm:outbound-endpoint exchange-pattern="request-response"
                            path="samsungOrder" doc:name="Dispatch to samsungOrder" />
                    </when>
                    <otherwise>
                        <jms:outbound-endpoint exchange-pattern="request-response"
                            queue="inhouseOrder" connector-ref="Active_MQ" doc:name="Dispatch to inhouseOrder" />
                    </otherwise>
                </choice>
            </enricher>
        </foreach>
        <vm:outbound-endpoint exchange-pattern="one-way"
            path="audit" responseTimeout="10000" mimeType="text/plain" doc:name="Dispatch to audit" />
        <catch-exception-strategy doc:name="Catch Exception Strategy">
            <flow-ref name="defaultErrorHandler" doc:name="Invoke defaultErrorHandler" />
        </catch-exception-strategy>
    </flow>
    ...
</mule>