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Multicast Transport Reference

The Multicast transport allows sending messages to or receiving messages from groups of multicast sockets. It is implemented on top of UDP and is highly scalable since knowledge of the receivers is not required.

Transport Info

Feature Value Description

Transport

Multicast

The name/protocol of the transport

Doc

Links to the JavaDoc and SchemaDoc for the transport

Inbound

check

Whether the transport can receive inbound events and can be used for an inbound endpoint.

Outbound

check

Whether the transport can produce outbound events and be used with an outbound endpoint.

Request

check

Whether this endpoint can be queried directly with a request call (via MuleClient or the EventContext)

Transactions

error

Whether transactions are supported by the transport. Transports that support transactions can be configured in either local or distributed two-phase commit (XA) transaction.

Streaming

error

Whether this transport can process messages that come in on an input stream. This allows for very efficient processing of large data. For more information, see Streaming.

Retries

error

Whether this transport supports retry policies. Note that all transports can be configured with Retry policies, but only the ones marked here are officially supported by MuleSoft.

MEPs

one-way, request-response

Message Exchange Patterns supported by this transport.

Default MEP

request-response

The default MEP for endpoints that use this transport that do not explicitly configure a MEP.

Maven Artifact

org.mule.transport:mule-transport-multicast

The group name a artifact name for this transport in Maven

Namespace and Syntax

XML namespace:

xmlns:multicast="http://www.mulesoft.org/schema/mule/multicast"

XML schema location:

http://www.mulesoft.org/schema/mule/multicast http://www.mulesoft.org/schema/mule/multicast/current/mule-multicast.xsd

Connector syntax:


         
      
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<multicast:connector name="mcConnector" receiveBufferSize="1024"
      sendBufferSize="1024"
      timeout="0" keepSendSocketOpen="false" broadcast="false"
      timeToLive="127" loopback="true'/>

Endpoint syntax:

You can define your endpoints two different ways:

  1. Prefixed endpoint:

    <multicast:inbound-endpoint host="localhost" port="65433"/>
  2. Non-prefixed URI:

    
                
             
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    <multicast:connector name="multicastConnector"/>
    <inbound-endpoint address="multicast://localhost:65433"/>

See the sections below for more information.

Considerations

IP Multicasting is a service provided by IP (the internet protocol layer), that allows one-to-many communication. The most common use of IP Multicasting is to send UDP datagrams to multiple sockets located on different systems. Mule supports this with the Multicast transport. Note that, except for the communication being many-to-one instead of one-to-one, the Multicast transport is very similar to the UDP transport and the same considerations should be observed.

As shown in the examples below, the Multicast transport has two purposes:

  • Send messages to a group of IP Multicasting sockets

  • Read messages sent to a group of IP Multicasting sockets

Features

The Multicasting module allows a Mule application both to send and receive IP Multicasting datagrams, and to declaratively customize the following features of IP Multicasting (with the standard name for each feature, where applicable):

  • The timeout for sending or receiving messages (SO_TIMEOUT).

  • Whether to allow sending broadcast messages (SO_BROADCAST).

  • Whether to close a socket after sending a message.

  • The maximum size of messages that can be received.

  • The time to live for the packets that are sent

  • Whether to loop packets back to the local socket

Multicast endpoints can be used in one of two ways:

  • To receive an IP Multicasting datagram, create an inbound Multicast endpoint.

  • To send an IP Multicasting datagram, create an outbound Multicast endpoint.

Usage

To use Multicast endpoints:

  1. Add the Mule Multicast namespace to your configuration:

    1. Define the multicast prefix using xmlns:multicast="http://www.mulesoft.org/schema/mule/multicast"

    2. Define the schema location with http://www.mulesoft.org/schema/mule/multicast http://www.mulesoft.org/schema/mule/multicast/3.7/mule-multicast.xsd

  2. Define one or more connectors for Multicast endpoints.

    1. Create a Multicast connector:

      
                     
                  
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      <multicast:connector name="multicastConnector"/>
  3. Create Multicast endpoints.

    1. Datagrams are received on inbound endpoints. The bytes in the datagram become the message payload.

    2. Datagrams are sent to outbound endpoints. The bytes in the message payload become the datagram.

    3. Both kinds of endpoints are identified by a host name and a port. The host name, in this case, is one of the standard IP multicast addresses defined here. When a datagram is sent to a multicasting host/port combination, all sockets subscribed to that host/port receive the message.

Multicast endpoints are always one-way.

Example Configurations

Copy Datagrams From One Port to Another in a Flow


         
      
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<multicast:connector name="connector"/><flow name="copy">
    <multicast:inbound-endpoint host="224.0.0.0" port="4444" exchange-pattern="one-way"/><pass-through-router>
        <multicast:outbound-endpoint host="224.0.0.0" port="5555" exchange-pattern="one-way" /></pass-through-router>
</flow>

The connector ❶ uses all default properties. The inbound endpoint ❷ receives multicasting datagrams and copies them to the outbound endpoint ❸, which copies them to a different multicasting group.

Configuration Options

Multicast connector attributes:

Name Description Default

broadcast

Set to true to allow sending to broadcast ports.

false

keepSendSocketOpen

Whether to keep the the socket open after sending a message.

false

loopback

Whether to loop messages back to the socket that sent them.

false

receiveBufferSize

The size of the largest (in bytes) datagram that can be received.

16 Kbytes

sendBufferSize

The size of the network send buffer.

16 Kbytes

timeout

The timeout used for both sending and receiving

system default.

timeToLive

How long the packet stays active. This is a number between 1 and 225.

System default

Multicast Transport

The Multicast transport can dispatch Mule events using IP multicasting.

Connector

Inbound Endpoint

Attributes of <inbound-endpoint…​>

Name Description

host

Host name.

Type: string
Required: no
Default: none

port

Port number.

Type: port number
Required: no
Default: none

No Child Elements of <inbound-endpoint…​>

Outbound Endpoint

Attributes of <outbound-endpoint…​>

Name Description

host

Host name.

Type: string
Required: no
Default: none

port

Port number.

Type: port number
Required: no
Default: none

No Child Elements of <outbound-endpoint…​>

Endpoint

Attributes of <endpoint…​>

Name Description

host

Host name.

Type: string
Required: no
Default: none

port

Port number.

Type: port number
Required: no
Default: none

No Child Elements of <endpoint…​>

Schema

Javadoc API Reference

The Javadoc for this module can be found here:

Maven

The Multicast Module can be included with the following dependency:


         
      
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<dependency>
  <groupId>org.mule.transports</groupId>
  <artifactId>mule-transport-multicast</artifactId>
  <version>3.7.0</version>
</dependency>

Notes

Before Mule 3.1.1, there were two different attributes for setting timeout on Multicast connectors, sendTimeout and receiveTimeout. It was necessary to set them to the same value. Now there is only timeout for either send or receive.