Start mule by running
<MULE_HOME>/bin/mule or starting Mule as a service. By default, applications in the
<MULE_HOME>/apps directory will be deployed. You can also designate specific applications to start (separated by the colon - :) and Mule 3.0 will respect the order when starting the applications. In this scenario, only the applications specified will be started.
Start Mule by specifying an app to run:
1 mule -app foo
foo is a Mule app at
From this moment, Mule checks every three seconds for the
$MULE_HOME/apps/foo/mule-config.xml updates. One can update the application jar contents and touch/modify this file to have Mule reload the config and class modifications.
Mule applications, either zipped or exploded can be dropped into $MULE_HOME/apps. If Mule is already running, the application will be deployed dynamically.
|All applications in Mule are unpacked at runtime and original zip removed. This means, e.g. that dropping a zip file into 'apps' dir will create a new folder with the same name (sans 'zip' extension) and delete the zip.|
A successful app deployment is confirmed by:
Having an unpacked application folder in the apps dir. E.g. for
An anchor file created for a running app, e.g.
If you wish to store your applications in a different location, you can do this on Unix-based systems by creating a symlink to your application directory from
In Mule 3.8.2 and later, you can deploy applications in parallel. Deploying applications in parallel reduces the startup time when you deploy a large number. The maximum number of deployment threads is set to 20 and is not configurable. To prevent deployment failure, ensure that applications are not dependent on each other because a particular start order cannot be guaranteed.
To enable parallel deployment, start Mule using the
-M-Dmule.deployment.parallel option. For example:
All applications in the
/apps directory start in parallel.
It is recommended one doesn’t delete the application folder directly, but rather an app’s anchor file only:
Prevents any interference from the hot-deployment layer and doesn’t leave room for concurrent conflicting actions.
Avoids potential application jar locking issues on some operation systems and allows for clean shutdown and undeployment.
E.g. if the
stockTrader app is running (app folder is there as well as the
$MULE_HOME/apps/stockTrader-anchor.txt file, just delete the anchor file to have the app removed from the Mule instance at runtime. Application folder will be removed once the app terminates.
Updating a Mule application at runtime can be a complex change involving class modifications, endpoint modifications (e.g. changing ports, etc), as well as reconfigured flows. As a result, any application update does a graceful app shutdown under the hood and reconfigures itself. In practice, this is pretty transparent to the user and happens within seconds.
There are several ways an application can be updated:
By dropping the modifications over an existing exploded app folder and touching the 'master' configuration file (
mule-config.xmlin app root by default).
By dropping a new zipped version of the app into
$MULE_HOME/appsdir. Mule will detect this as an existing app update and will ensure a clean redeployment of the app. Note that any modifications to the old app folder are discarded - the new app folder is a clean exploded application from a zip.
As you see, both integrate pretty well with existing build tools, the preference for one over another really depends on established development practices only.
If you’re deploying multiple applications to the same place and those applications could share the same resources, then you can create a common domain where you can define common configurations that can then be referenced by multiple projects. This allows you to, for example, expose different services in different projects through the same HTTP host and port and be able to deploy everything without any conflicts. Read More.
If you want to run Mule 3 the legacy 2.x way, edit
$MULE_HOME/conf/wrapper.conf file and replace the following line:
1 2 # Java Main class wrapper.java.mainclass=org.mule.module.reboot.MuleContainerBootstrap
with this one:
1 2 # Java Main class wrapper.java.mainclass=org.mule.module.boot.MuleBootstrap
When run in this legacy mode, none of the new application deployment features apply
When Mule is embedded in an application server, Java application, unit test, IDE, etc and started programmatically, the deployment functionality is disabled and Mule follows the legacy application model.