+

OpenID Connect OAuth 2.0 Token Enforcement Policy

Policy Name

OpenID Connect OAuth 2.0 Token Enforcement

Summary

Allows access only to authorized client applications

Category

Security

First Mule version available

v4.1.1

First Flex version available

v1.0.0

Returned Status Codes

400 - Invalid token

401 - Unauthorized access or error when connecting to the authorization server

403 - Forbidden, invalid client application credentials

500 - Bad response from authorization server; or WSDL SOAP Fault error (Mule only).

Summary

The OpenID Connect Access Token Enforcement policy restricts access to a protected resource to only those HTTP requests that provide a valid Oauth2 token belonging to a client application with API access. The policy does not generate tokens but only validates them.

This policy is available only to an organization that is configured to use the OpenID Connect dynamic client registration as a client-management solution.

Configuring Policy Parameters

Flex Gateway Local Mode

In Local Mode, you apply the OpenID Connect Access Token Enforcement policy to your API via declarative configuration files. Refer to the following policy definition and table of parameters:

- policyRef:
    name: openidconnect-access-token-enforcement-flex
  config:
    authenticationTimeout: <int> // OPTIONAL, default: 10000
    scopes: <string> // OPTIONAL, default: ""
    secureTrustStore: <bool> // OPTIONAL, default: false
    scopeValidationCriteria: <string> // OPTIONAL, default: "AND"
    exposeHeaders: <bool> // OPTIONAL, default: false
    skipClientIdValidation: <bool> // OPTIONAL, default: true
    maxFederationExpirationTime: <int> // OPTIONAL, default: -1
    maxCacheSize: <int> // OPTIONAL, default: 1000
Parameter Required or Optional Default Value Description

authenticationTimeout

Optional

10000

scopes

Optional

An empty string

A space-separated list of supported scopes: read write

secureTrustStore

Optional

false

scopeValidationCriteria

Optional

"AND"

Determines if the token must contain all defined scopes or just one

exposeHeaders

Optional

false

In a proxy scenario, this specifies whether headers must be exposed in the request to the backend. User properties returned by the federation server are prefixed with 'X-AGW-' and sent as headers to the backend.

See Leveraging Token Validation Endpoint Information for more information about this parameter.

skipClientIdValidation

Optional

true

Skips the client application’s API contract validation. If true, Step 4 of the diagram in the How This Policy Works section is skipped.

maxFederationExpirationTime

Optional

-1

Max Expiration time in seconds.

See Token Caching for more information about this parameter.

maxCacheSize

Optional

1000

Amount of tokens to be cached.

See Token Caching for more information about this parameter.

Resource Configuration Example

- policyRef:
    name: openidconnect-access-token-enforcement-flex
  config:
    authenticationTimeout: 10000
    scopes: read write
    secureTrustStore: false
    scopeValidationCriteria: OR
    exposeHeaders: true
    skipClientIdValidation: false

Flex Gateway Connected Mode and Mule Gateway

When you apply the policy to your API from the UI, a list of parameters is displayed based on whether your environment includes a Mule or non-Mule application managed by Anypoint Service Mesh.

Configuring Parameters for Mule Applications and Flex Gateway

The following parameters are displayed:

Element Description Example

Scopes

Displays a space-separated list of supported scopes.

READ, WRITE, READ and WRITE

Scope Validation Criteria

Determines if the token must contain all defined scopes or just one. The values are Contains all scopes and Contains any scope.

If the 'Contains all scopes' value is selected, the tokens with the scopes READ and WRITE are accepted. If the 'Contains any scopes' value is selected, the tokens with the scopes READ, WRITE, and READ AND WRITE are accepted.

Validate TLS Certificate (Mule only)

Enables third-party authentication server TLS validation.

If selected, the communication with the token validation endpoint uses the TLS protocol.

Expose Headers

In a proxy scenario, specifies whether headers must be exposed in the request to the backend. User properties returned by the federation server are prefixed with 'X-AGW-' and sent as headers to the backend.

See Leveraging Token Validation Endpoint Information for Mule Applications for more information about this element.

Skip Client Id Validation

Skips the client application’s API contract validation.

If selected, Step 4 of the diagram in the How This Policy Works section is skipped.

Configuring Parameters for Non-Mule Applications (Anypoint Service Mesh)

For non-Mule applications that are managed by Anypoint Service Mesh, the following parameters are displayed:

Element Description Example

Scopes

Displays a space-separated list of supported scopes.

READ, WRITE, READ AND WRITE

Skip Client Id Validation

Skips the client application’s API contract validation.

If selected, the Step 4 of the diagram in the How This Policy Works section is skipped.

How This Policy Works

The following diagram illustrates the OpenID Connect Access Token Enforcement policy workflow:

OpenID Connect OAuth 2.0 Token Enforcement Workflow

As shown in the diagram:

  1. The user first sends an HTTP request to the API protected by the policy.

  2. The policy extracts the token from the request and sends it to the validation endpoint to verify the integrity of the token.

  3. The token validation endpoint returns token metadata, including the client ID of the client application.

  4. Using a local database updated with contracts previously obtained from Anypoint Platform, the policy verifies whether the client ID has access to the API.

  5. If all the validations are successfully completed, the request is allowed to reach the backend.

Leveraging Token Validation Endpoint Information for Mule Applications

When a token validation endpoint successfully validates a token, certain information, such as configurable fields from OpenID Connect, are returned to the policy.

The following example illustrates the token validation response from the authorization server:

---
{
    "uid":"john.doe",
    "mail":"john.doe@example.com"
    "token_type":"Bearer",
    "exp": 1516239022
    "alias" : ["Jhon", "Jhonny", "Mr Doe"],
    "address" : {
        "city": "london",
        "road": “abbey road"
    }
}
---

The fields returned by the OAuth provider are processed by the policy, propagated throughout the Mule flow, and finally exposed to the backend if the application requesting the access uses an HTTP requester.

Token Caching

After the system validates a token, that token is cached (by default), until it expires, thereby improving the performance of the policy. In certain cases, such as in the case of revoked tokens, you might want to minimize or even disable caching.

The validation endpoint sends multiple properties to the policy, including the expiration time of the token. If the expiration information is not available, tokens are not cached.

To control the time taken to cache the tokens, before you attempt revalidating against the token validation endpoint, set this configuration in engine:

  • Mule: specify the following property when starting the Mule runtime engine:

    `anypoint.platform.max_federation_expiration_time=<expiration time in seconds>`

Alternatively, you can specify this parameter in the wrapper.conf file.

  • Flex Gateway: specify this property in YAML policy config:

    ----
    - policyRef:
        name: openidconnect-access-token-enforcement-flex
      config:
        ...
        maxFederationExpirationTime: <expiration time in seconds>
    ----

Setting this property caches the token for the specified amount of time or until the tokens expire, whichever occurs first. If you have enabled this property and the validation endpoint does not send the expiration information, tokens are not cached.

To control the number of tokens that can be cached simultaneously, set this configuration in engine:

  • Mule: specify the following property when starting the Mule runtime engine:

    `anypoint.platform.openid_connect_cache_max_size=<amount of tokens to be cached; default value is 10.000; specify 0 to disable caching>`

Alternatively, you can specify this parameter in the wrapper.conf file.

  • Flex Gateway: specify this property in YAML policy config:

    ----
     - policyRef:
        name: openidconnect-access-token-enforcement-flex
       config:
        ...
        maxCacheSize: <amount of tokens to be cached; default value is 1.000; specify 0 to disable caching>
    ----

Token Validation Endpoint Authentication

To complete validating the provided token, the policy sends a request to the validation endpoint. The policy then obtains the credentials from the client provider configuration in access management, per the Token Introspection Client section of the OAuth 2.0 Authorization Framework specification. These credentials are sent in the request body, as specified in the Client Authentication section of the OAuth 2.0 Authorization Framework specification.

Other authentication methods for the token validation endpoint are currently not supported.

Configuring the Expose Headers Option

If you configured the Expose Headers option in the policy and if the application (for example, out-of-the-box proxies) uses the HTTP requester, the properties are redirected to the backend as headers.

For each field, the original request to the protected resource is enriched with the HTTP headers using the format: X-AGW- + <key>=<value>. For the example response from the previous section, the following headers are added:

---
X-AGW-uid=john.doe
X-AGW-mail=john.doe@example.com
X-AGW-token_type=Bearer
---

The propagated properties do not include the scope, and exp objects and arrays.

For further processing within the flow, the original unparsed response from the validation endpoint is made available. The information is stored in an authentication object.

For example, if a mail field is returned to the policy, you can access the value of the field by using the following DataWeave 2.0 expression:

#[authentication.properties.userProperties.mail]

You can obtain the client ID of the OAuth2 token by using the following DataWeave 2.0 expression:

#[authentication.principal]

Communicating with the Token Validation Endpoint Using a Proxy

You can enable the OpenID Connect OAuth 2.0 Token Enforcement policy to use the gateway proxy settings by specify the following property when starting the Mule runtime engine:

anypoint.platform.external_authentication_provider_enable_proxy_settings=<true|false(default)>

When you enable this property, the policy uses the Mule proxy settings, if you have specified the following parameters:

  • anypoint.platform.proxy_host=localhost

  • anypoint.platform.proxy_port=8080

FAQs

The OpenID Connect Access Token Enforcement policy does not appear in the list of policies to apply to the API.

If the policy does not appear in the policies list, ensure that you have configured the OpenID client provider in Access Management. For information, see Configure OpenID Connect Client Management. If you are using multiple IdPs, verify that the OpenID connect client is properly configured in the API.

Can I generate OAuth 2.0 tokens with the policy?

No. The policy only validates the tokens.

What should I do if the Mule OAuth provider validation endpoint is rejecting the requests sent by the policy?

See the validation endpoint documentation provided by the OpenID connect server and verify whether the authentication method described in the Token Validation Endpoint Authentication section is supported.

How does the policy manage the credentials to communicate with the validation endpoint?

This information is part of the policy configuration and is stored on a disk. If you want this information to be stored with encryption, configure gateway encryption in your runtime.

How are the OAuth tokens cached?

OAuth 2.0 tokens are cached only in memory and are never written to disk.

Does the policy communicate with Anypoint Platform on a per-request basis?

No, the policy uses client applications previously retrieved by the engine. This enables the policy to continue working even if the connection with the management plane is lost. If you want the client application information that is written on disk to be encrypted, configure gateway encryption in your runtime.

Can I configure the Rate-Limiting SLA policy after I configure the OpenID Connect Access Token Enforcement policy?

Yes, you can. Apply the Rate-Limiting SLA policy after the OpenID Connect Access Token Enforcement policy and provide a Client ID Expression value using the following DataWeave 2.0 expression:

#[authentication.principal]

Because the identity of the requester is already validated by the OpenID Connect Access Token Enforcement policy, you can leave the Client Secret Expression field empty.

Where can I find the information associated with the token after it has been validated? The information is available in the authentication object. For more information, see Token Validation Endpoint Information for Mule Applications.

Was this article helpful? Thanks for your feedback!