IP Blocklist

Policy Name

IP Blocklist

Summary

Blocks a single IP address or a range of IP addresses from accessing an API endpoint

Category

Security

First Mule version available

v4.1.0

Returned Status Codes

403 - IP is rejected

The IP Blocklist policy controls access to a configured API endpoint from either a single IP address or a range of IP addresses.

The IP Blocklist policy restricts access to a protected resource when a match is found between a source IP (specified when configuring the policy) and either a list of individual IPs or a range of IPs.

Based on your business need, you can specify a DataWeave 2.0 expression for Mule runtime engine 4 (Mule) or MEL expression for Mule 3. You specify the expression to define the source IP to be used when the policy tries to determine whether the IP belongs to the restricted IP list defined in the policy.

Specifying IP Addresses to Blocklist in the Policy

Specify IP addresses to block in your policy based on:

  • The IP address of the request.

  • The origin IP address that is determined by resolving a specific DataWeave or MEL expression, such as the x-Forwarded-For header.

  • Any other origin.

Blocklist Access Based on the IP Address of the Request

Blocklist access based on the IP address of the request in any of the following ways:

  • Define a specific IP address by enumerating it in the white space, for example, 192.168.1.1.

  • Define a subset of addresses by identifying a subnet mask, for example, 192.168.3.1/30 includes the consolidated range 192.168.3.0 through 192.168.3.3.

  • Define a whole range of IP addresses by specifying the relevant octets of the IP address that you want to permit, for example, setting 192.168 will include IP addresses from 192.168.0.0 through 192.168.255.255.

Blocklist Access Based on the Origin IP Address of the x-Forwarded-For Header

If the client connects to your API through an HTTP proxy or a load balancer, you can blocklist the client’s specific IP address (the IP address originating the request) instead of the address that appears in the request

For example, if you want to blocklist 192.168.2.3 and the address of a client connecting through an HTTP proxy is 92.40.1.255, the client requests appear with the public address using the proxy.

Typically, applications use the X-Forwarded-For header to identify the origin IP addresses of a request that was redirected to your endpoint.

You can use a DataWeave 2.0 or MEL expression to instruct the service to look for the IP address in the 'x-Forwarded-For' header:

#[message.inboundProperties['http.headers']['X-Forwarded-For']]

When you insert the IP address in the IP expression field of the policy parameters, Anypoint Platform is instructed to look at the first IP address that ranks in the concatenated values of the x-Forwarded-For header of the request:

ip+blocklist+ip_expression

Configuring Policy Parameters

When you apply the IP Blocklist policy to your API from the UI, configure the following parameters:

Parameter Description

IP expression

The DataWeave 2.0 or MEL expression to be used for extracting the IP address from this API request.

Blocklist

The list of IP addresses blocked from the API. You can define one IP or IP range at a time, as many times as required. For more information, see Specifying IP Addresses to Blocklist in the Policy.

Method & Resource conditions

The option to add configurations either to a select few or to all methods and resources of the API.

Was this article helpful?

💙 Thanks for your feedback!

Edit on GitHub