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Handling Transactions in IBM MQ

Transactional connections in IBM MQ allow you to execute a series of operations that are actually performed only when the transaction is committed. This has two main scenarios:

  • Publishing a message as part of a transaction: When publishing, a message is sent to the destination after the transaction commits. If for some reason the transaction fails and a rollback occurs, then the message is not sent.

  • Consuming a message as part of a transaction: When consuming a message, either with the listener or consume, the message is acknowledged only after the transaction is committed, and instead it’s returned to the destination for redelivery if the transaction is rolled-back.

The IBM MQ connector provides support for executing its operations in a transactional way out of the box using Mule’s transactionalAction configuration.

To execute an operation as part of the transaction, we have the following two options.

Processing New Messages With Transactional Session

If you want a IBM MQ On New Message Listener to use a transactional session when dispatching the messages, you should set the transactionalAction to ALWAYS_BEGIN:

<ibm-mq:listener
     config-ref="IBM_MQ_Config"
     destination="${originQueue}"
     transactionalAction="ALWAYS_BEGIN"/>

With this configuration, each new message is processed in a transaction that is propagated to all the flow’s components and is committed once the flow execution is completed successfully. The transaction is rolled back if the flow execution completes with an error.

Note: By default, other components in the flow do not join the transaction created by the listener. To execute other operations using the listenerโ€™s transaction, you must declare them either with ALWAYS_JOIN, or JOIN_IF_POSSIBLE.

Execute Operations As Part Of A Transaction

To execute an operation like publish or consume as part of a transaction, set transactionalAction to ALWAYS_JOIN or JOIN_IF_POSSIBLE:

This operations can join a transaction initiated by the listener:

<flow name="joiningToListenerTransaction">
    <ibm-mq:listener config-ref="IBM_MQ_Config"
      destination="${originQueue}"
      transactionalAction="ALWAYS_BEGIN"/>
    <ibm-mq:publish config-ref="IBM_MQ_Config"
      destination="#[attributes.properties.userProperties.redirectDestination]"
      transactionalAction="JOIN_IF_POSSIBLE"/>
    <ibm-mq:consume config-ref="IBM_MQ_Config"
      destination="#[attributes.properties.userProperties.callbackDestination]"
      transactionalAction="JOIN_IF_POSSIBLE"/>
</flow>

Or join a scoped transaction:

<flow name="nonTxPublishMustNotJoinCurrentTx">
    <http:listener config-ref="HTTP_Config" path="/orders"/>
    <try transactionalAction="ALWAYS_BEGIN">
        <ibm-mq:publish config-ref="config"
	destination="${billingService}"
	transactionalAction="ALWAYS_JOIN"/>
        <ibm-mq:publish config-ref="config"
	destination="${shipmentService}"
	transactionalAction="ALWAYS_JOIN"/>
        <ibm-mq:publish-consume config-ref="IBM_MQ_Config"
	destination="${invoicesVerificationService}"/>
        <validation:is-true expression="#[payload]"/>
    </try>
</flow>

XA Transactions

IBM MQ connector supports a create and join XA transactions feature, which enables the connector to participate in a transaction with multiple resources. This permits execute transactional actions with other connections of IBM MQ or other connectors like the Database connector or VM connector.

To enable XA transactions:

  1. Create an XA enabled connection: set enableXa to true.

    <ibm-mq:config name="IBM_MQ_Config" >
    		<ibm-mq:connection enableXa="true" >
    			<ibm-mq:connection-mode >
    				<ibm-mq:client host="0.0.0.0" queueManager="QM1" />
    			</ibm-mq:connection-mode>
    		</ibm-mq:connection>
    	</ibm-mq:config>
  2. Configure to create a XA Transaction: Set transactionType to XA:

    <flow name="joiningToListenerTransaction">
        <ibm-mq:listener config-ref="IBM_MQ_Config"
        destination="${originQueue}"
        transactionalAction="ALWAYS_BEGIN"
        transactionType="XA"/>
        <ibm-mq:publish config-ref="IBM_MQ_Config"
        destination="#[attributes.properties.userProperties.redirectDestination]"
        transactionalAction="JOIN_IF_POSSIBLE"
        transactionType="XA"/>
        <ibm-mq:consume config-ref="IBM_MQ_Config"
        destination="#[attributes.properties.userProperties.callbackDestination]"
        transactionalAction="JOIN_IF_POSSIBLE" transactionType="XA"/>
    </flow>

    Or join a scoped transaction:

    <flow name="nonTxPublishMustNotJoinCurrentTx">
        <http:listener config-ref="HTTP_Config" path="/orders"/>
        <try transactionalAction="ALWAYS_BEGIN" transactionType="XA">
            <ibm-mq:publish config-ref="config"
    	destination="${billingService}"
    	transactionalAction="ALWAYS_JOIN"
    	transactionType="XA"/>
            <ibm-mq:publish config-ref="config"
    	destination="${shipmentService}"
    	transactionalAction="ALWAYS_JOIN"/>
    
            <ibm-mq:publish-consume config-ref="IBM_MQ_Config"
    	destination="${invoicesVerificationService}"/>
            <validation:is-true expression="#[payload]"/>
        </try>
    </flow>

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