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Create an Instance of a Class - Mule 4

Call a Java Constructor

The examples on this page are based on the Person Java class, which belongs to the package:


public class Person {

    private String name;
    private Integer age;

    public Person() { = "Max Mule";
        this.age = 10;

    public Person(String name, Integer age) { = name;
        this.age = age;

The classes used with the Java module must be exported (unless they belong to the default package). If not exported, execution fails with a JAVA:CLASS_NOT_FOUND error. See how to export resources.

The constructors for this class can be called using the new operation of the Java module. This example shows how to create an instance of Person using the constructor that does not require parameters:

<java:new class="" constructor="Person()"/>

To create a Person object using a constructor that does require parameters:

<java:new class="" constructor="Person(String, Integer)">
      name: 'John Doe',
      age: 30

For the constructor parameters, the full package name can be specified, for example constructor="Person(java.lang.String, java.lang.Integer)". This is not needed, but it can be useful to add more clarity in the code or if there are clashing class names in the Java code.

When configuring the constructor arguments in the args parameter, the keys of the map determine how the parameters are passed to the constructor.

To reference the parameters by name (firstName, age, etc.), the Java class containing the method or constructor has to be compiled using the -parameters compiler flag.

If the class is not compiled with the -parameters flag, the same parameters must be referenced in the declared order and with the canonical names (arg0, arg1, etc.):

  arg0: 'John Doe',
  arg1: 30

If the Java classes are defined in a Studio Project, the Maven compiler plugin must be configured in the pom.xml to compile Java classes with the -parameters flag:


DataSense Support in Studio

One of the advantages of using the Java module is the DataSense support, which can help build the args map, which serves as input for the new operation.

Continuing the previous example, where the new operation calls the Person(String, Integer) constructor of the class, clicking the Show Graphical View icon 5% shows a view to match fields. Assuming that the previous component in the flow outputs a map with name and age keys (like the Set Payload component can do), the view looks like this:

matching input

The fields can be matched by dragging and dropping from the left to the right. Doing so produces:

matched input

The new operation is configured and ready.

DataSense also provides metadata for the operation’s output. The new operation places the Person object in the payload of the output message, as can be observed:

output metadata

Target Parameters

Instead of placing the output object in the payload, you can save the output object to a variable as the new operation supports target parameters.

For example:

<java:new class=""
    constructor="Person(String, Integer)"
      name: 'John Doe',
      age: 30

The output object is saved in a variable and can be accessed later as "#[vars.john]".

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