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Migrating from DataWeave version 1 to 2

DataWeave Header Content

Most of the header directives have been changed in DataWeave. The %dw directive is an exception. In most cases, MuleSoft removed the %, and in some cases the keyword is shortened.

DataWeave 1.0 DataWeave 2.0 Comments

%dw 1.0

%dw 2.0

%input

input

In a Mule app flow, DataWeave 2.0 recognizes the input MIME type and its reader properties based on the MIME type (outputMimeType) and parameters specified in the preceding component. The input MIME type is not defined using the input directive in the header anymore. However, the input directive is still used in specific cases like Validate a Script for Streamed Data.

%output

output

%var

var

%function

fun

%namespace

ns

Flow Controls

Flow control changed somewhat in DataWeave 2.

When Otherwise

The when otherwise statement is replaced by if else, for example:

Mule 3 Example: DataWeave 1
{
    orderStatus: "complete" when flowVars.purchaseOrderStatus == "C" otherwise "incomplete"
}
Mule 4 Example: DataWeave 2
{
    orderStatus: if(vars.purchaseOrderStatus == "C") "complete" else "incomplete"
}

Pattern Matcher

Pattern matching changed in DataWeave 2. It adds the keyword case and else (instead of default). You also no longer separate cases with commas (,) since they are now explicitly separated by the case keyword.

Mule 3 Example: DataWeave 1
'world' match {
    :string -> true,
    default -> false
  }
Mule 4 Example: DataWeave 2
'world' match {
    case is String -> true
    else -> false
  }

For type pattern matchers, the is keyword needs to be set.

Type References

The : was removed from the type references and are now all camel case, so :string is now String

Object Coercion

In DataWeave 1.0, selecting a key-value pair from an object required you to do something like this:

Mule 3 Example: DataWeave 1
%var payload = {a: 1, b:2}
---
payload.a as :object

The DataWeave 1.0 expression above returns {a:1}. Because this is a coercion, it is also included in the auto-coercion mechanism and generates undesired or unexpected results.

In DataWeave 2.0, the coercion is removed, and a new selector (&) is introduced to select key-value pair parenthesis.

Mule 3 Example: DataWeave 2
var payload = {a: 1, b:2}
---
payload.&a

This expression also returns {a:1}.

Conditional Key-Value Parenthesis

In DataWeave 1.0, conditional key-value pairs are declared with the when keyword.

Mule 3 Example: DataWeave 1
{
    (a: 1) when payload.product == "Mule"
}

In DataWeave 2.0, you use the if keyword.

Mule 4 Example: DataWeave 2
{
    (a: 1) if payload.product == "Mule"
}
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