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Idempotent Message Validator

The Idempotent Message Validator ensures that only unique messages continue through a flow’s execution by checking the unique ID of the incoming message. You can use any incoming attribute of the Mule message as an ID, or you can compute the ID by configuring a DataWeave expression. You can also use the DataWeave Crypto functions to compute hashes (SHA, MD5) from the data.

Message Hashing

DataWeave enables you to import the Crypto library to execute hashing functions. Calculating a hash can be useful when you want to compute a unique ID for the Mule message. For example, if you want to get an MD5 hash from the payload and use it as the ID, open the Idempotent Message Validator properties in Anypoint Studio and set ID Expression (idExpression in XML) to the following DataWeave expression:

#[
    %dw 2.0
    output text/plain
    import dw::Crypto
    ---
    Crypto::hashWith(payload,'MD5')
]

Examples

  • The following example shows an Idempotent Message Validator configured to extract the URL parameter id from the HTTP request and use that value as a unique identifier to filter the message:

    <flow name="myFlow">
      <http:listener doc:name="Listener" config-ref="HTTP_Listener_config" path="/"/>
      ...
      <idempotent-message-validator doc:name="Idempotent Message Validator" idExpression="#[attributes.queryParams.id]"/>
      ...
    </flow>
  • The next example shows an Idempotent Message Validator configured to hash the payload using a DataWeave expression, store the result in a persistent object store, and then use the processed message IDs as the unique identifier to filter the message:

    <flow name="myFlow">
      <http:listener doc:name="Listener" config-ref="HTTP_Listener_config" path="/"/>
      ...
      <idempotent-message-validator doc:name="Idempotent Message Validator" idExpression="
        #[%dw 2.0
          output text/plain
          import dw::Crypto
          ---
          Crypto::hashWith(payload,'MD5')]">
        <os:private-object-store alias="privateObjectStore"
           entryTtl="1"
           entryTtlUnit="MINUTES"
           maxEntries="10" />
      </idempotent-message-validator>
      ...
    </flow>

Parameter Reference

Name Type Description Default Value Required

ID Expression

Expression

The expression Mule uses to generate the ID. You can use a DataWeave function to calculate the ID, or you can extract the ID from any existing value of the Mule message.

#[correlationId]

No

Value Expression

Expression

This parameter is not used. Setting a value has no effect.

#[correlationId]

No

Object Store

Object Store

Either a name to reference a global object store or a definition of a private object store where the component stores the processed message IDs.

Object Store created by the Object Store Manager. Not persistent, with an entry TTL of 5 MINUTES and an expiration interval of 6 SECONDS.

No

Store Prefix

String

Defines the prefix of the object store names. This value is used only for the internally built object store.

configFileName.flowName.IdempotentMessageValidator

No

Throws

  • MULE:DUPLICATE_MESSAGE

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